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Biodiversity At a glance
Situated on the genetic highway connecting of Western Ghats and the North East, two of the biodiversity hotspots in the country, the central Indian State of Madhya Pradesh in one of the richest repositories of biological diversity. The State houses a diversity of ecosystems including plateaus, ravines, ridges, valleys, riparian areas and flat plains. With four major forest types, 10 National Park and 25 Wildlife Sanctuaries, the Tiger State houses one of the richest faunal and floral diversity. With about 5000 plant species, these forests are habitat to as many as 500 birds species and 180 fish species. Thousands of rice cultivars, a rich diversity of minor millets, indigenous cattle and poultry landraces like Kadaknath boasts of the agro-biodiversity. Home to six tribes with distinct customs, practices and diverse cultures, the biological diversity sustains livelihoods and ensures food security to two fifth of the State population. Indigenous health systems nurtured by rich traditional knowledge woven arboud over 1000 medicinal plants contributed significantly to health security in rural areas.
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